Ben Franklin was a father of reproducibility. It's the idea that a scientific result must be reproducible by another scientist from reading the original paper.

Franklin retired at 42 to invest in himself, read, reason, discuss ideas, write, and perform scientific experiments. It was the age of electricity as a salon phenomena. Franklin devised experiments to understand the nature of static electricity, lightning, and capture it in a Leiden jar. He wrote to the Royal Society about his experiments. Louis XV asked his court scientists to reproduce the ideas from the article, and they did. When Franklin arrived in Europe to represent the young US, he was already famous as the father of electricity. Now we know he was a pioneer of reproducibility too.